Text by Adrian Grant
Photos by Adrian Grant / Simon Bergeron / Crossroad Tremblant
As gravel riding has entered the mainstream, demands for increased tire volume have resulted in generous improvements in frame clearances, with 45mm wide tires now considered the “new normal” for gravel/adventure bikes. This has allowed riders to explore “all roads” including routes that, at one time, may have been considered inaccessible. In the Ottawa-Gatineau region, these include what I collectively refer to as “Unmaintained Roads”.
Unmaintained roads consist of public right-of-ways that receive no winter maintenance, irregular maintenance, or no maintenance whatsoever. Logging roads. ATV trails. Forest Service roads. Hydro cuts. Their condition can vary from easily passable gravel to what could charitably be referred to as a goat path.
Findings these hidden gems is easy, if you know where to look. Sometimes I’ve discovered one by happy accident while out riding – a dead end that doesn’t really end. Otherwise, potential options can be found using Google Maps. Usually roads that “disappear”, then reappear a few kilometers away (you’d be surprised by what shows up on Google Streetview). However, I’ve found the best way to discover these forgotten roads remains the traditional paper map, especially the Ontario Cottage Country Backroads Mapbook and the discontinued Livre de Carte Plein Air for southwestern Québec. While you can rarely plan an entire route around unmaintained, these resources will help you add little extra spice to your next gravel ride.
Among my favorite regions to explore are the Lanark Highlands and Greater Madawaska. Only an hour or so drive west of Ottawa, their remote and rugged nature make these areas a gateway for local off-road and ATV enthusiasts, providing ample opportunities to stitch together various dashed lines on a map into an all-day (or multi-day) adventure. Other local options can be found north of Ottawa in Québec, including several Zones d’Exploitation Contrôlée (ZEC) and Wildlife Reserves. Home to a variety of outdoor recreation activities (including ATVing, camping, hunting and horseback riding), as well as small-scale logging, they offer endless opportunities to explore miles and miles of unmaintained goodness.
Overall, I like to think of unmaintained as gravel’s delinquent cousin. Sure, it’s more adventurous than your typical nice gravel road, but the same qualities that make these roads so alluring can also make them unpredictable. So before tackling an extended trip on unmaintained roads, here are some riding and equipment tips to consider.
First – and this should go without saying – BE PREPARED! Traversing unexplored unmaintained roads can be a gamble. There’s always a chance that connections that appear on a map may no longer exist. Anyone who spends time exploring potential routes knows the heartbreak that comes with riding down a road that eventually becomes impassable. Meanwhile, washouts, downed trees, flooding and other obstacles may force you into an unexpected re-route. So be sure to carry a good map and GPS at all times.
When travelling in remote or little travelled areas, such as ZECs, don’t count on getting outside help, as you’ll often be unable to get a cell signal. So before heading out, make sure your bike is mechanically sound, and carry a few bike repair essentials: two spare tubes, tire levers and a patch kit (in the unlikely event that you have more than two flats); a pump, not a CO2 inflator (should you have to inflate multiple tires); a tire boot or spare tire; a quick link; and a multi-tool with a chainbreaker. Ideally, you want to ride with a partner in the event that your bike is beyond a simple roadside fix. But if you don’t, be prepared for any contingency. This means carrying sufficient food and water with you, including simple water treatment options (such as iodine or Pristine drops), packable clothing for all expected weather conditions, lights, a lighter and an emergency blanket. A mid-size seatpost bag or handlebar bag, and a half-size frame bag to carry this gear aren’t bad investments either.
Riding off the beaten path is quite safe. After all, automobiles are the biggest danger we face, but are rarely found on unmaintained roads. The worst-case scenario – walking back to your vehicle – might be uncomfortable, but isn’t dangerous.
Secondly, the rules for riding gravel apply even more so to riding unmaintained:
✱ Pay attention to the road ahead. When riding unmaintained, one must remain constantly vigilant for any potential trip-ending hazards. Sharp rocks, deep potholes and loose sand can all result in slashed sidewalls, damaged rims or hard crashes. Scan the road ahead for these and other obstacles, and do your best to ride the safest line possible. At the same time, when riding with a group, be considerate and provide sufficient room to allow your fellow riders to perform any sudden evasive maneuvers.
✱ Stay seated and spin when climbing. As unmaintained roads are not designed with heavy vehicle traffic in mind, ascents tend to be steeper/pitchier than municipal gravel roads. To compensate, much like a two-wheel drive truck, keep most of your weight over your back wheel by staying seated. This, and small gearing/higher cadence (a minimum 1:1 gear ratio) will help maintain traction and momentum on loose surfaces as you climb.
✱ Use caution when descending/cornering at speed. The rough or loose surfaces inherent on unmaintained roads can potentially take out even the most cautious rider. So when descending, position yourself slightly off the saddle with your legs inwards touching your top tube, keep a relaxed grip on your handlebars, and bleed speed by feathering your rear brake before entering a corner. This will help to absorb any bumps and vibrations, while helping to maintain control should you encountered loose sand and gravel, which tends to collect at the bottom of descents. In addition, on particularly rough descents, it’s often worth keeping your pedals at nine and three o’clock to avoid pedal strikes.
Finally, take advantage of your frame’s clearance and mount the widest tires you can! A high volume tire, at the right PSI, can help you avoid most of the issues identified above (less chance of a rim strike, more traction and floatation, and greater comfort on rough terrain). Ridden with care and attention, a properly shod bike can handle even the gnarliest unmaintained roads!
SHOP OUR PRODUCTS
FatbikesOpportunities for adventure are infinite with such a versatile bike. Let the Fat Bike Chic-Chocs take you to the mountains, rivers or beaches you’ve always wanted to discover. At a little less than 28 lbs and equipped with tubeless 27.5” x 4.5” tires, this is a seriously fun fatbike to ride on newly discovered sandy, rocky or snowy paths. You’re the bikepacking type? We’ll get along pretty well! In addition to 3 water bottle holders and the anything cage anchors on the fork, everything is ready for you to install a rear rack, if you prefer this setup versus minimalist frame bags. That way you can carry your skis to get to this remote backcountry spot, or bring more than your camping essentials for a memorable night around a campfire. Your friends will thank you!2,299$ – 3,399$ (CAD)
ClothingWhy stick to the already known paths! #Backcountrycycling has become over time the mojo of Panorama Cycles. Make it yours with this unique cap!
- 100% Cotton
- Leather adjustment strap
Gravel BikesWe love to say that the Katahdin is our cottage bike. You'll guess that this gravel bike is really in its element in the countryside, perfect for all types of roads and paths that can be found out there. An industry first, the adventure composite laminate incorporates an advanced material, XANTU.LAYR ™, to make the Katahdin rock-solid. Learn more about this technology here. The curvy surfaces of the bike have become a canva for the very talented duo of Vancouver-based artists Pellvetica. They sign the visual of the frame, and thus give the soul to this amazing product. A 1x SRAM Apex group, WTB i23 Wheels, Easton EA50AX handlebar and a ton of frame and fork mounts for your short or long outings, makes the Katahdin so much versatile. Note that the cottage is unfortunately not included with the purchase of the bike 😉2,049$ – 3,199$ (CAD)
ClothingSlow Travel is the state of mind we approach during bike journeys. It is taking the time to live each experience in its entirety, focusing on quality rather than quantity.
- 100% Cotton
- Printed by hand in Montreal
Gravel BikesWhen you venture on the less traveled roads of the backcountry, sometimes, the beautiful road becomes much more bumpy than what was predicted. The asphalt becomes gravel, and the gravel literally becomes an off-road trail. It is for this kind of adventure that the Anticosti was created. The Anticosti bike is built with a bespoke selection of Reynolds 725 steel tubing, thinned where it is needed to reduce weight. A generous clearance allows you to install 27.5x2.1 or 700x45 tires with fenders. Finally, you will find all the necessary mounts to carry the equipment for a night in the tent, or for a more ambitious globe-trotting trip project. Do not let your current bike limit your desire to explore. Take the path you want with the Panorama Anticosti.1,199$ – 2,199$ (CAD)
Clothing"S24O" (aka Sub 24h Overnighter) is, in the jargon of the bikepacker, an adventure of less than 24 hours including an overnight stay. The definition of micro-adventure!30$ (CAD)
ClothingA fully equipped fatbike ready to take off. Bikepacking pure and simple.30$ (CAD)
FatbikesIsolated in northern Quebec, located in the Arctic Cordillera, the Torngats Mountains are frequented only by those who have the real will to face the elements of nature. We do not get there by chance. It is a mythical place that imposes respect. An highly inspiring destination for the Torngat fatbike! We have included in this bike the features needed to make it completely versatile. Among other things, the frame is belt-drive compatible, it has ans access for a dropper seatpost and is equipped with horizontal rear wheel dropouts. The Reynolds 725 high-grade steel tubing frame and the light, stiff carbon fiber fork accommodate the largest 26" tires available, as well as the 27.5 x 4.5". High performance and durable components from Race Face and a 12-speed SRAM NX Eagle group complete this machine. All you have to do is leave the house, get on the bike and explore the territory that is still unknown to you!1,349$ – 2,399$ (CAD)